A May 2021 ransomware attack that temporarily shut down the Colonial Pipeline — and ignited a gas panic on the East Coast — was a wakeup call for then Ninth Circuit Chief Judge Donald A. Myers, Jr.

Concerned, Myers worked with the court clerk to conduct a cybersecurity review.

“We began to learn about many municipalities and court systems being attacked as well,” he said. “We went through a process internally with our IT folks.”